Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology

Innovative Education and Scientific Research Foundation

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Registered Under Government of India NGO – Indian Trust Act 1882

A study of gross and histological structure of thymus gland in fetuses and adolescent

Article : Open access

Article type : Research Article

Volume : 7

Issue : 2

Year : 2020

Author : N S Hari Krishna

Page no : 230-237

Abstract : Background: The thymus is the lymphoid organ of greatest importance. It is a structurally separated lobules through the tissue of the connective septa. That lobule has a cortex and a medulla in it. Many studies of this organ related to the histology of early fetuses are focused on animals. The present study focuses on certain features relating to the histogenesis of the thymus and adolescent fetuses. Materials and Methods: In the present study, 50 normal human stillborn/aborted fetuses and one is 15 years thymus gland in adolescent was studied from 18 to 35 weeks were examined. The acquired fetuses were set in formalin of 10 per cent. They have been exposed to dissection after correct fixation. The specimens acquired had been processed through a well-known paraffin block making process. Sections were taken with haematoxylin & eosin, and painted. The stained sections had been tested using 40x and 100x optical magnifications and pictures taken under light microscopy. Result: Compared to its CRL, the gland’s dimension has changed. Compared to gestational age, the mass of the gland and fetuses was. It has been demonstrated capsule, septae, cortex, medulla, blood vessel, lymphocytes, reticular epithelial cells, adipose cells, and the corpuscle of Hassall. Conclusion: Thymus gland involution, pondered in its anatomy and histology, will serve as a basis for becoming conscious of pathological conditions.Within the first 18 weeks of gestation, all structural changes viz. cortico-medullary differentiation, lobulation, and maturity of the hassall’s corpuscles happened. Keywords: Fetuses thymus, Haematoxylin eosin.