Author : Priyanka Mantri, Rakesh Goud, O K Radhakrishnan, Manvi Aggarwal, Mayur Patil
Abstract : Purpose: Age related macular degeneration (ARMD) is one of the leading causes of visual impairment in
individuals more than 50 years of age. Aim of this study was to know the prevalence and various socio
demographic risk factors associated with ARMD.
Materials and Methods: We studied 300 patients attending Ophthalmology OPD of a Tertiary Care
Hospital in Western Maharashtra. Risk factors such as age, sex, smoking, Body Mass Index (BMI),
and family history of ARMD were studied. Diagnosis of ARMD was confirmed on Fundus Fluorescein
Angiography (FFA) and Optical Coherence Tomography(OCT).
Results: Out of 300 patients studied, 24 (8.0%) had ARMD. Increasing age was found to be a significant
risk factor for ARMD. In our study, we found that there were 83.3% females as compared to 16.7% males.
There was no statistically significant association found between Body Mass Index and ARMD in our study.
Among patients with ARMD, 4 (16.7%) were smokers and 20 (83.3%) were non-smokers and this was not
found to be statistically significant. Family history was found to be a significant risk factor for development
Conclusion: Increasing age, female sex and family history of ARMD were significant risk factors
associated with development of ARMD.
Keywords: Age related macular degeneration, Smoking, Family history, OCT, Body Mass Index.