Abstract : Introduction: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a disorder seen in preterm babies. ROP is a potentially
preventable cause of irreversible total blindness in premature infants. Recent advancements in neonatal
care have led to an increase in the survival of low birth weight infants, resulting in a rise of ROP incidence.
Globally, ROP is estimated to affect more than 50,000 infants annually. In India, every year, 500 children
are estimated to become blind from ROP. If left untreated it can be a third epidemic which can be prevented
by appropriate screening.
Objectives: To find the prevalence of ROP To identify the risk factors for ROP.
Materials and Methods: Reterospective study analysis was done for 2.5 years at tertiary care hospital
where after taking permission from institutional ethical committee 293 babies were enrolled in this
study who were referred from paediatrician as per the standard guidelines of “Rashtriya Bal swasthya
karyakram”. All babies were dilated with combination drops of Tropicamide 0.8%w/v and Phenylephrine
hydrochloride 5%w/v. All the high risk term babies and preterm babies(
were examined 4 weeks postpartum and babies with