Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology

Innovative Education and Scientific Research Foundation

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Registered Under Government of India NGO – Indian Trust Act 1882

Study of prevelance of retinopathy of prematurity in tertiary care hospital

Article : Open access

Article type : Research Article

Volume : 6

Issue : 2

Year : 2020

Author : Kavin Shroff, Khushnood Sheikh, Manisha Patel

Page no : 282-285

Abstract : Introduction: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a disorder seen in preterm babies. ROP is a potentially preventable cause of irreversible total blindness in premature infants. Recent advancements in neonatal care have led to an increase in the survival of low birth weight infants, resulting in a rise of ROP incidence. Globally, ROP is estimated to affect more than 50,000 infants annually. In India, every year, 500 children are estimated to become blind from ROP. If left untreated it can be a third epidemic which can be prevented by appropriate screening. Objectives: To find the prevalence of ROP To identify the risk factors for ROP. Materials and Methods: Reterospective study analysis was done for 2.5 years at tertiary care hospital where after taking permission from institutional ethical committee 293 babies were enrolled in this study who were referred from paediatrician as per the standard guidelines of “Rashtriya Bal swasthya karyakram”. All babies were dilated with combination drops of Tropicamide 0.8%w/v and Phenylephrine hydrochloride 5%w/v. All the high risk term babies and preterm babies( were examined 4 weeks postpartum and babies with