Indian Journal of Microbiology Research

Innovative Education and Scientific Research Foundation

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Registered Under Government of India NGO – Indian Trust Act 1882

Characterization of beta-lactamases among mdr gram negative bacilli from a tertiary care hospital in central kerala

Article : Open access

Article type : Research Article

Volume : 7

Issue : 1

Year : 2020

Author : Ardra M, Anjaly Swaminathan, Prithi Nair K

Page no : 15-19

Abstract : Introduction: Infections and mortality associated with multidrug- resistant Gram-negative bacilli (MDR GNB) have dramatically increased in all parts of the world. The present study was conducted to screen the burden of Gram negative multidrug resistance in our tertiary care hospital and to pave a stepping stone for the infection control team to tackle the problem effectively. Materials and Methods: A total of 300 non-repetitive MDR GNB isolates from the specimens received in our diagnostic Microbiology lab oratory for a period of one year were screened phenotypically for Extended spectrum b -lactamases (ESBL), AmpC betalactamases and Carbapenemases. Colistin and Tigecycline susceptibility E-test were also performed randomly on some carbapenemase producing organisms. Results: Among the 300 MDR GNB isolates, ESBL and AmpC producers were 56% and 24% respectively. E.coli was the most common organism with ESBL (73%) and AmpC (46%) resistance mechanisms. Carbapenemase producers were 14.6% with predominant isolate being Acinetobacter spp (40%). Among the risk factors, 13% patients had immunosuppressive conditions like diabetes, 31% had insitu urinary catheters, 57.7% and 29.4% had prior antibiotic usage and hospitalisations respectively. Twenty five carbapenemase producing MDR GNB tested for Colistin MIC were in the susceptible range. 71% of Acinetobacter spp tested for Tigecycline showed resistant MIC values. Conclusion: Multidrug resistance has a significant adverse impact on clinical outcomes of patients & leads to higher costs due to consumption of health-care resources. Adherence to simple measures like hand hygiene & careful attention to barrier precautions can help in preventing the spread of these infections to a greater extent. Keywords: MDR GNB, ESBL, AmpC betalactamases, Carbapenemases.