Abstract : Introduction: Vaginal discharge is a common gynaecological condition among women of childbearing
age that requires care. Pathological vaginal discharge can cause serious harm to pregnant women and the
Aims and Objectives: To determine the prevalence, pattern and risk factors associated with
clinicopathological discharge and its complications.
Materials and Methods: A prospective study was done from January 2019 to August 2019 in Department
of OBG at Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical sciences, Bellur, Karnataka. The study included all cases
of pregnant women with vaginal discharge.
Result: A total of 100 women attending antenatal clinic with white discharge were studied. Out of which
30 (30%) women were symptomatic and 70 (70%) asymptomatic. Out of 30 (30%) symptomatic patients
there were 23 (76.6%) Vaginal Candidiasis, 6 (20%) Bacterial Vaginosis and 1 (3.3%) Trichomoniasis. Out
of 30 (30%) symptomatic patients there were 8 (26.6%) developed threatened preterm, 6 (20%) PROM, 2
(6.6%) Preterm delivery. Out of 100 vaginal discharge patients there were 58 (58%) primigravida and 42
Conclusion: Pathological vaginal discharge in pregnant women is found to be most common in younger
age group and in primigravida. Strong association has been found between pathological vaginal discharge
and threatened preterm, PROM and prematurity. Our study concludes the need for timely detection and
advise on good hygiene habits and intervention in the form of medical management and prevention of
Keywords: Candidiasis, Bacterial Vaginosis, Trichomoniasis.