International Journal of Oral Health Dentistry

Innovative Education and Scientific Research Foundation

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Registered Under Government of India NGO – Indian Trust Act 1882

Evolution of distraction osteogenesis in the oral and maxillofacial surgery

Article : Open access

Article type : Review Article

Volume : 6

Issue : 1

Year : 2020

Author : R J Aravind, T Kavin, R Narendar, S P Indra Kumar, Anto Ashmi

Page no : 1-4

Abstract : Distraction osteogenesis which is also called as callus distraction orcallotasis is used to restore the skeletal deformities and in reconstructive surgery. Most commonly, it is carried out in the department of oral maxillofacial surgery, orthopaedics and paediatric surgery. It is a very favourable and effective method for stable long-term effects. The use of distraction osteogenesis is found to have increased multiple folds in the last decade. And this is attributed to its advantages like little relapse, bigger movements range, generation of soft tissue, less likelihood of nerve injury, less likelihood of idiopathic condylar resorption. Some important applications of distraction osteogenesis are as an alternative to conventional surgery for maxillary and mandibular lengthening and reconstruction of alveolar segmental defects after tumour resection before implant installation.1 The distracter devices are found to transfer forces and they act as a rigid support for bone consolidation to occur. In this article, an attempt has been made to review the evolution of distraction osteogenesis over eons. Keywords: Distraction osteogenesis