International Journal of Oral Health Dentistry

Innovative Education and Scientific Research Foundation

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Registered Under Government of India NGO – Indian Trust Act 1882

Correlation between depression and periodontal health: a clinical study done among outpatients at seema dental college and hospital, rishikesh

Article : Open access

Article type : Research Article

Volume : 6

Issue : 1

Year : 2020

Author : Himanshu Aeran, Amrinder Tuli, Pallavi Ghodpage, Kirti Tekwani

Page no : 41-43

Abstract : Background: Chronic periodontitis is a multifactorial disease which is influenced by a variety of risk factors including psychosocial factors such as depression and stress that are known to affect the immune system thereby affecting the periodontal tissue. Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between periodontal parameters and depression. Materials and Methods: 35 patients with periodontitis as test group and 35 periodontally healthy patients as control group were included. Oral hygiene index and Community periodontal index of treatment needs was measured for all cases. Depression levels were assessed by Beck’s depression inventory. Results: All the parameters were statistically significant in test group as compared to control group. Beck’s depression inventory showed that periodontal patients had a significantly higher total depression score than control group. Conclusion: This study reveals that there is a positive correlation between the severity of periodontal disease and the severity of depression in patients. Keywords: Chronic periodontitis, Depression, stress, Becks depression inventory.