Indian Journal of Orthopaedics Surgery

Innovative Education and Scientific Research Foundation

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Registered Under Government of India NGO – Indian Trust Act 1882

Mortality and morbidity of proximal femur fractures in elderly population – a three year follow-up study

Article : Open access

Article type : Research Article

Volume : 6

Issue : 2

Year : 2020

Author : Sandeep Krishna Avulapati, Avinash Bajjuri, Sunil Boddu, Anudeep Peddineni

Page no : 69-72

Abstract : Introduction: Proximal femur fractures in elderly population occur with simple history of slip and fall at home. They are difficult to treat, in presence of comorbidities of patient, osteoporotic and comminuted fracture. Post operatively, mobilization and control of comorbidities are difficult, can result in higher postoperative mortality and morbidity in that group. Aim: To know mortality and morbidity in post-operative proximal femur fracture patients over a period of 3 years. Materials and Methods: Retrospective study included the cases which got admitted and treated during the period of March, 2016 to March 2017. Patient’s details were collected from the medical records section available. Pre and post-operative and present status mobility status were assessed through New Mobility Score. Mortality over three years was calculated. Results: Though 70 patients were included into study, complete data was available for 47 patients. Mobility score which was 7.25 pre-operatively before fall came down to 6.3 (six months) and 5.4 (three years) six months, post-operatively. Out of 47 patients, 12 patients expired at various stages of study. At the end of 3 years of study, mortality rate is 26%. Conclusion: Mortality and morbidity of proximal femur fractures in elderly population is at significant level in India, which needs to be addressed at early stage. Keywords: Mortality, Morbidity, New Mobility Score, Proximal femur fractures, Elderly population.