Author : Nilesh Mahajan, Reshmi Pillai, Hitesh Chopra, Ajay Grover, Ashish Kohli
Abstract : Background: The incidence of surgical site infections is higher in India compared to the rest of the world.
In orthopedic surgeries, the risk is even higher. Surgical site infections following orthopedics are associated
with an additional length of stay resulting in additional costs thus causing a significant economic burden on
patients and society.We aimed to determine the additional costs and length of stay and evaluate the efficacy
of triclosan-coated sutures in reducing surgical site infections rate.
Materials and Methods: A systematic literature search of available evidence for both epidemiologic
and economic data pertaining to the incidence of surgical site infections and efficacy of triclosan-coated
sutures, from 1998-2018 and 2000-2018 respectively, were gathered. We compared 100 surgeries from
private and public hospitals from orthopedics and calculated cost-effectiveness of triclosan-coated sutures
in comparison to conventional non-coated sutures using a decision-tree cost model.
Results: Two studies were analysed for analysis of surgical site infections’ incidence and for the efficacy of
triclosan-coated sutures vs non-coated sutures, 3 studies were included.We performed a one-way sensitivity
analysis to calculate the impact of % efficacy and surgical site infections’ incidences %, cost of noncoated
and triclosan-coated sutures on cost savings depicted by Tornado charts. Sensitivity analysis on the
comparison of triclosan-coated sutures with non-coated sutures, a base cost saving of orthopedic surgeries
for a private hospital was is INR -5573 and public hospital INR -1410.
Conclusion: The use of triclosan-coated sutures reduced surgical site infections incidence and cost savings
for orthopedic surgeries in both public and private sectors in India.
Keywords: Orthopedic, Non-coated suture, Surgical site infection, Triclosan-coated suture.