Author : Ankit Tyagi, Chandan Kumar, Rajesh Kumar, Linika Valecha, Gian Prakash, Saurabh Kumar
Abstract : Introduction: Vitamin D deficiency is one of the prevalent nutritional deficiency worldwide and studies reveal an association between vitamin D deficiency and type 2 diabetes mellitus. This study aims to determine the levels of serum vitamin D3 in type 2 diabetics and non-diabetic patients.
Materials and Methods:A cross-sectional study was conducted from April 2017 to March 2018 on patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) taking regular anti-diabetic treatment were considered as case group and those with corresponding variables like age and sex with case group except T2DM considered as control group. The enrolled patients were investigated for fasting blood sugar (FBS), post prandial blood sugar (PPBS), HbA1c, serum creatinine and vitamin D level. Anthropometric and blood pressure measurements were conducted twice taking an average of both the measurements.
Results: Among the total of 100 patients enrolled, 80% were in case group and 20% were in control group. The mean ages were 55.09 years and 55.5 years in case and control group respectively. Blood pressure were comparable between the two groups. Mean HbA1c level was also high in case group (7.42%) compared to control group (5.17%) (p
Conclusion: There was no definite co-relation between vitamin D level and type 2 diabetes mellitus. The relationship between HbA1c and vitamin D was found to be insignificant.
Keywords: Anthropometric, Blood sugar, Creatinine, Diabetic, Hb1Ac, Vitamin D.